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Alin Christoph Cucu[1] [1] Internationale Akademie für Philosophie im Fürstentum Liechtenstein (IAP) Abstract Personal identity deals with philosophical questions that arise about ourselves by virtue of our being persons. This essay specifically addresses the question what makes a human person the person he or she is. Extant approaches...

Abstract In this essay, I answer the question which, if any, libertarian account of free action is adequate. I take free action to rest on two pillars, namely the agent’s ability to do otherwise (required for moral responsibility) and the agent’s being the ultimate source of...

Abstract I will argue in this essay that free will is incompatible with determinism. My argument focuses on the causation of mental events in contexts of temptation. A temptation occurs when a strong impulse in a person occurs that runs counter to the moral convictions of...

Abstract In this essay, I will answer the above question with a version of direct realism: Perceptual beliefs are justified because they arise out of a direct awareness of physical objects. Those beliefs are justified as long as there is no defeater. There are objections to this...

Abstract The goal of this essay is to find the best way to formulate an argument from design to the existence of God. In order to do that, I compare three epistemic approaches to the question “How do we detect design?”: the Reidian Perceptual Model (RPM),...

Abstract In any version of the cosmological argument, the existence of the universe is the starting point of arguing for the existence of God. Cosmological arguments differ regarding the assumption whether the universe had a beginning or not: The family of Kalam cosmological arguments assume a...

The question whether God is completely outside time or in some way bound to it is of utmost importance for Christian theology. The two positions involved – Eternalism (henceforth E) and Temporalism (henceforth T), respectively – have direct implications for such central doctrines as Christ’s...

I. Einleitung „Bei Gott sind alle Dinge möglich.“[1] Theisten glauben typischerweise, dass Gott allmächtig (oder omnipotent)[2] ist. Doch Omnipotenz erweist sich bei näherer Betrachtung als ein nicht trivial zu definierender Begriff. Immer wieder wurden und werden Paradoxa und Schwierigkeiten angeführt, die den Begriff der Allmacht inkohärent erscheinen...